Chhattisgarh is a newly formed state in India. It got the designation of a state in the 1st of November, 2000. But since then it has been a popular tourist attraction in Central India. One of the most important contributions to this popularity is of the wildlife conservation of the state. With 3 national parks and 11 wildlife sanctuaries gifted with pristine natural beauty, there is a lot to see and do in Chhattisgarh. Kanger Ghati National Park, Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary, Sanjay National Park, Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamor Pingla, Pamed, Semarsot, Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gomarda wildlife sanctuaries, etc. are the significant sanctuaries.
Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary
It is very interesting to note that 44% of the total area of the state is covered by forests and this 44% contributes to the 12% of the country's overall forest area. Wild buffalo is the state animal while hill myna is the state bird. Barnawapara sanctuary is popular not only in the state but also in the Central India.
Splendid flora and interesting fauna characterize this sanctuary located on a flat and hilly area. It was established in 1976 Under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 and biogeographical province 4.8.4 (Indus-Ganges Monsoon Forest).
Area and location:
Covering an area of 244.66 sq km, this sanctuary is situated in the northern part of Mahasamund district of Chhattisgarh. Located in the Indo-Gangetic Monsoon Forest, the area is a hilly one with altitudes ranging from 265 to 400 meters. The sanctuary is marked with a perennial drainage system.
Flora and fauna:
The park displays a fascinating range of floral diversity that includes tropical dry deciduous forests and bamboo groves. There are other sundry floral species also. You will find valuable Teak trees, Semal, Mahua, Ber, Tendu, Terminalia and other miscellaneous species also. The unique lush green vegetation of the park makes it more attractive to its gazers.
The persistent drainage system of the sanctuary is a source of sustenance of the wide variety of faunal species. Flying squirrels, Black Buck, Cobra, Python, Tiger (Panthera tigris), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), striped Hyena, Jackal (Canis aureus), Indian Wild Dog (Cuon alpines), Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus), Chital Axis, Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Chinkara (mountain gazelle), Gazella, Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Gaur (Bos guarus) Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) and others are the commonly found wild animals.
Other than the above-mentioned, you would also find a number of winged creatures like Herons, Parrots, Green Avadavat, Lesser Kestrels, Peafowl, Egrets,Wood Peckers, Bulbul, Racket-tailed Drongos and White-rumped Vultures.
It is sure that all these floral and faunal species would keep you occupied during your trip in the Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary.
Best time to visit:
November to June remains the best period to visit the sanctuary
For accommodation, Mahasamund would be the best place. Manasi Lodge and Samrat Lodge are some budget hotels. Otherwise you can also stay in the state capital, Raipur. Hotel Bablyon Intenational, Hotel Midtown, Hotel Ajanta, Hotel Barlota, etc. are some good hotels.
How to reach the park?
Raipur at a distance of 85 km is the nearest park. Mahasamund Railway Station at a distance of 60 km is the nearest railhead. You can easily reach the park through the PWD Forest road that connects Barnawapara with Raipur, the capital city via Patewa and with Pithora on NH 6.
What else do you get?
Mahasamud, the historical city has a lot of tourist attractions. Sirpur, Anand Prabhu Kudi Vihar, Swastik Vihar, Laxman Temple and Gandheswar Temple are the popular spots. The picturesque beauty of the place is simply indescribable. Sirpur is an ancient center for religious practices while Laxman temple allures the visitors with its architectural mystery. It is constructed entirely of bricks.
The Chattisgarh Tourism conduct tours to the different sanctuaries including the Barnawapara wildlife sanctuary. Steal some moments from your regular life, tour to this sanctuary, watch the animal kingdom, unite with nature and come back to your home refreshed and rejuvenated.